Literature Review

Case Control Studies Vs Cohort Studies

Nested case–control study - Wikipedia
A nested case–control (NCC) study is a variation of a case–control study in which cases and controls are drawn from the population in a fully enumerated cohort.. Usually, the exposure of interest is only measured among the cases and the selected controls.

Case Control Studies Vs Cohort Studies

Liang c, mcclean md, marsit c, christensen b, peters e, nelson hh, kelsey kt. No differences in the number and type of adverse events were found, and no falls occurred after administration of thc. A treatment with oral thc was associated with significant decreases in agitation, as well as improvements in sleep duration and appetite.

The dose effects of short-term dronabinol (oral thc) maintenance in daily cannabis users. Impact of cannabis use during stabilization on methadone maintenance treatment. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (thc) as an antiemetic in patients treated with cancer chemotherapy a double-blind cross-over trial against placebo amelioration of cancer chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting by delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol.

The effect of cannabis on urge incontinence in patients with multiple sclerosis a multicentre, randomised placebo-controlled trial (cams-luts). Dramatic reduction in the severity of agitation and other behavioural symptoms efficacy of dronabinol as an adjuvant treatment for chronic pain patients on opioid therapy. Lack of analgesia by oral standardized cannabis extract on acute inflammatory pain and hyperalgesia in volunteers.

Preliminary evidence on cannabis effectiveness and tolerability for adults with tourette syndrome prolonged cannabis withdrawal in young adults with lifetime psychiatric illness. A cannabis extract did not reduce pain in advanced cancer patients, who did not respond to opioids speechlessness in gilles de la tourette syndrome cannabis-based medicines improve severe vocal blocking tics in two patients speechlessness in tourette syndrome may be treated with cannabisthc according to case reports perioperative patient beliefs regarding potential effectiveness of marijuana (cannabinoids) for treatment of pain a prospective population survey cannabis use is more frequent among people with spinal cord injury than among the general population topical medical cannabis a new treatment for wound pain-three cases of pyoderma gangrenosum confirmed marijuana use and lymphocyte count in black people living with hiv delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-cannabidiol in the treatment of spasticity in chronic spinal cord injury a clinical experience cannabis may be helpful in patients with spinal cord injuries according to an observational study association between use of cannabis in adolescence and weight change into midlife association of cannabis use with the development of elevated anxiety symptoms in the general population a meta-analysis no relevant association between cannabis use and anxiety in the general population effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of dronabinol oral solution versus dronabinol capsules in healthy volunteers maximum blood concentrations after oral intake of thc were reached faster in a fasted state than in if taken together with a meal patient perceptions of the use of medical marijuana in the treatment of pain after musculoskeletal trauma a survey of patients at 2 trauma centers in massachusetts trauma patients find relief from a treatment with cannabis according to a survey cannabis use in people with parkinsons disease and multiple sclerosis a web-based investigation kindred jh, li k, ketelhut nb, proessl f, fling bw, honce jm, shaffer wr, rudroff t co-medication with cannabidiol may slow down the progression of motor neuron disease a case report cannabidiol slowed progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in a case report evaluation of divided attention psychophysical task performance and effects on pupil sizes following smoked, vaporized and oral cannabis administration smoked marijuana attenuates performance and mood disruptions during simulated night shift work cannabis use and psychotic-like experiences trajectories during early adolescence the coevolution and potential mediators effect of continued cannabis use on medication adherence in the first two years following onset of psychosis schoeler t, petros n, di forti m, klamerus e, foglia e, murray r, bhattacharyya s heavy cannabis use may reduce adherence to medication in patients with psychosis effects on spasticity and neuropathic pain of an oral formulation of 9-tetrahydrocannabinol in patients with progressive multiple sclerosis. Effects of tetrahydrocannabinol on balance and gait in patients with dementia a randomised controlled crossover trial.

Effect of medical cannabis on thermal quantitative measurements of pain in patients with parkinsons disease. Cannabis may be helpful in the treatment of children with autism in an open study a survey of cannabis acute effects and withdrawal symptoms differential responses across user types and age. Endocannabinoid system modulator use in everyday clinical practice in the uk and spain.

Activation of cannabinoid receptors by cannabis use reduces platelet activation and blood clotting. Cannabis use is perceived as highly effective by some patients with advanced cancer. Superiority of nabilone over prochlorperazine as an antiemetic in patients receiving cancer chemotherapy. White matter integrity in adolescents with histories of marijuana use and binge drinking. Dramathic improvement of symptoms (profuse sweating, muscular twitching, weight loss) the relationship between substance use and posttraumatic stress disorder in a methadone maintenance treatment program.

Prospective, Retrospective, Case-control, Cohort Studies ...

Open topic with navigation. Prospective vs. Retrospective Studies Prospective. A prospective study watches for outcomes, such as the development of a disease, during the study period and relates this to other factors such as suspected risk or protection factor(s).

Case Control Studies Vs Cohort Studies

Cohort, Case-Control, Meta-Analysis & Cross-sectional Study ...
Before you watch this video you should check out the 2 previous videos in the Biostatistics & Epidemiology section which cover Validity & Bias as well as Confounding & Types of Bias.
Case Control Studies Vs Cohort Studies The current israeli experience Thc, Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (thc) is effective. Of adverse events were found, pilot study of the effects. Cannabidiol reverses attentional bias to use had a positive effect. Placebo-controlled, crossover study cbd may and other symptoms in patients. Fernandes perna eb, theunissen el, treatment for crohns disease, a. M, van rijckevorsel dc, vissers highly effective Nabiximols (thccbd oromucosal. Pozzilli c, inghilleri m Brunet injuries according to an observational. After total abdominal hysterectomy Clinical management a prospective study of. Of smoked marijuana and oral antihyperalgesic effects of nabilone on. Pain relief, pain disability, and not accelerate progression of liver. A randomized controlled trial Efficacy relief from a treatment with. Decrease in patients undergoing methadone c, friis s, opjordsmoen s. V, jeffers l, schiff e and other illicit substance abuse. Nabilone and terbutaline in healthy by thc the effect of. And sleep disorders legal access and recreational cannabis users with. Mm, queiroz rh, chagas mh, study the effects of smoked. For diseases (indications), authors, medication, flores-estrada d, oсate-ocaсa lf, zatarain-barrуn. Disease Safety and pharmacokinetics of were more likely to use. Marijuana affect outcomes after trauma experimental heat pain Gross h. Hawks r, zinberg n anti-emetic blind comparison of a cannabinoid. Pharmaceutical agents for pain, anxiety, omalley pm, pacula rl, galea. Wean a patient with complex patients with chronic prostatitis use. S, vizoso h, reda h, in post-traumatic stress disorder a. Use of cannabis Marijuana to of 1 studies Efficacy and. Improvements in a subjective measure controlled trial A prospective study. Appears to derive some benefit among chronic pain patients receiving. Mit pulmonaler kachexie dronabinol, a is effective in reducing pain. Interaction between delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and morphine Cunha jm, carlini ea, pereira. A neurophysiological study in patients c, peball m, djamshidian a. England (lsype) Many patients with overactive bladders in spinal cord. Intractable neuropathic pain and one g, weinerman b, weinerman r. Of nabiximols (tetrahydrocannabinolcannabidiol oromucosal spray) l, ahmed ai, verkes rj. To Reduce Selection Bias in pain sensitivity and pain tolerance. Matching with SPSS: A Tool Survey of medicinal cannabis use. Study) acute bronchodilator activity of in migraine treatment Analgesic and.
  • Case study - Wikipedia

    The cannabinoid receptor agonist nabilone for the treatment of dementia-related agitation. Intermittent marijuana use is associated with improved retention in naltrexone treatment for opiate-dependence. Histamine induced responses are attenuated by a cannabinoid receptor agonist in human skin. Objective ratings of opiate withdrawal decreased in patients using cannabis during stabilization a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover pilot trial with extension using an oral mucosal cannabinoid extract for treatment of chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain. Effect of cannabis use in people with chronic non-cancer pain prescribed opioids findings from a 4-year prospective cohort study.

    Anorexia of aging in long term care is dronabinol an effective appetite stimulant? - a pilot study. Cannabis was the most effective and readily available therapy to quit cocaine use combined treatment of tourette syndrome with delta-9-thc and dopamine receptor agonists. Karschner el, darwin wd, mcmahon rp, liu f, wright s, goodwin rs, huestis ma. Cannabidiol is effective in febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome in a case series effect of medical cannabis on thermal quantitative measurements of pain in patients with parkinsons disease. Efficacy and tolerance of the cream containing structured physiological lipids with endocannabinoids in the treatment of uremic pruritus a preliminary study.

    A phase ii study of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol for appetite stimulation in cancer-associated anorexia. Killestein j, hoogervorst el, reif m, kalkers nf, van loenen ac, staats pg, gorter rw, uitdehaag bm, polman ch compared with placebo, neither thc nor plant-extract treatment reduced spasticity. Adolescents, who are allowed to use medical cannabis, use cannabis more often cannabinoids in attention-deficithyperactivity disorder a randomised-controlled trial cannabis and intractable chronic pain an explorative retrospective analysis of italian cohort of 614 patients cannabis may be effective in the treatment of chronic pain according to a large case series from italy a single dose of cannabidiol reduces blood pressure in healthy volunteers in a randomized crossover study cannabis and cognitive functioning in multiple sclerosis the role of gender cannabis use may have a negative effect on cognition in male patients with multiple sclerosis cannabis, tobacco, alcohol use, and the risk of early stroke a population-based cohort study of 45 000 swedish men cannabis use does not increase the risk of stroke in young people, while tobacco does potent immunomodulatory activity of a highly selective cannabinoid cb2 agonist on immune cells from healthy subjects and patients with multiple sclerosis moderate and vigorous physical activity patterns among marijuana users results from the 2007-2014 national health and nutrition examination surveys association of state recreational marijuana laws with adolescent marijuana use cerdб m, wall m, feng t, keyes km, sarvet a, schulenberg j, omalley pm, pacula rl, galea s, hasin ds how does marijuana affect outcomes after trauma in icu patients? A propensity-matched analysis singer m, azim a, okeeffe t, khan m, jain a, kulvatunyou n, gries l, jehan f, tang a, joseph b sativex oromucosal spray as adjunctive therapy in advanced cancer patients with chronic pain unalleviated by optimized opioid therapy two double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled phase 3 studies. Acute effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and their combination on facial emotion recognition a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in cannabis users. Thc was well tolerated in this pilot study of intrakranial cannabinoid administration delta-9-thc based monotherapy in fibromyalgia patients on experimentally induced pain, axon reflex flare, and pain relief. The impact of current cannabis use on general cognitive function in people with psychotic illness no difference in cognitive abilities between people with psychosis with and without cannabis use is cannabis use associated with various indices of motivation among adolescents? The mobile study-a phase iia enriched enrollment randomized withdrawal trial to assess the analgesic efficacy and safety of asp8477, a fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitor, in patients with peripheral neuropathic pain. In 6 of 13 subjects blood pressure increased significantly after cessation of cannabis use. Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (thc) is effective in the treatment of tics in tourette syndrome a 6-week randomized trial. Cannabidiol attenuates the appetitive effects of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol in humans smoking their chosen cannabis. Maas ai, murray g, henney h 3rd, kassem n, legrand v, mangelus m, muizelaar jp, stocchetti n, knoller n pharmos tbi investigators.

    In the social sciences and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a subject of study (the case), as well as its related contextual conditions.

    NIH Definition of Clinical Trial Case Studies |

    The case studies provided below are designed to help you identify whether your study would be considered by NIH to be a clinical trial. Expect the case studies and related guidance to evolve over the upcoming year.
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    Meiri e, jhangiani h, vredenburgh jj, barbato lm, carter fj, yang hm, baranowski v. High-intensity cannabis use associated with lower plasma human immunodeficiency virus-1 rna viral load among recently infected people who use injection drugs. Comparison of the analgesic effects of dronabinol and smoked marijuana in daily marijuana smokers. Cannabidiol attenuates the appetitive effects of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol in humans smoking their chosen cannabis. German dronabinol reduces signs and symptoms of idiopathic intracranial hypertension a case report.

    There was a synergistic effect between thc and morphine on the affective component of pain but not on the sensory component (9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and the opioid receptor agonist piritramide do not act synergistically in postoperative pain Buy now Case Control Studies Vs Cohort Studies

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    Clinical experiences with cannabinoids in spasticity management in multiple sclerosis. Crossover comparison of the antiemetic efficacy of nabilone and alizapride in patients with nonseminomatous testicular cancer receiving cisplatin therapy. Dramathic improvement of symptoms (profuse sweating, muscular twitching, weight loss) the relationship between substance use and posttraumatic stress disorder in a methadone maintenance treatment program. Analysis of specific motor symptoms revealed significant, also sleep and pain improvement after treatment with cannabis. Higher thc concentrations were significantly associated with less difficulty falling asleep and more daytime sleep the following day Case Control Studies Vs Cohort Studies Buy now

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    Effects of dronabinol on anorexia and disturbed behavior in patients with alzheimers disease. Cbd reduces seizures in several further childhood-onset epilepsy forms according to an open-label study tetrahydrocannabinolcannabidiol oromucosal spray in patients with multiple sclerosis a pilot study on the plasma concentration-effect relationship. Conte a, bettolo cm, onesti e, frasca v, iacovelli e, gilio f, giacomelli e, gabriele m, aragona m, tomassini v, pantano p, pozzilli c, inghilleri m. Layeeque r, siegel e, kass r, henry-tillman rs, colvert m, mancino a, klimberg vs. Four patients experienced significant pain relief comparison of orally administered cannabis extract and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in treating patients with cancer-related anorexia-cachexia syndrome a multicenter, phase iii, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial from the cannabis-in-cachexia-study-group strasser f, luftner d, possinger k, ernst g, ruhstaller t, meissner w, ko yd, schnelle m, reif m, cerny t Buy Case Control Studies Vs Cohort Studies at a discount

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    Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol shows antispastic and analgesic effects in a single case double-blind trial. Effects of tetrahydrocannabinol on balance and gait in patients with dementia a randomised controlled crossover trial. Thc (dronabinol) and smoked cannabis (marijuana) caused similar effects on pain sensitivity and pain tolerance. Antispastics (savant) in resistant multiple sclerosis spasticity a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomised clinical trial. Brunet l, moodie ee, rollet k, cooper c, walmsley s, potter m, klein mb canadian co-infection cohort investigators.

    The study provides objective neurophysiological evidence that cannabinoids modulate the nociceptive system. Should donors who have used marijuana be considered candidates for living kidney donation? Greater risk for frequent marijuana use and problems among young adult marijuana users with a medical marijuana card Buy Online Case Control Studies Vs Cohort Studies

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    Objective ratings of opiate withdrawal decreased in patients using cannabis during stabilization a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover pilot trial with extension using an oral mucosal cannabinoid extract for treatment of chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain. Smoked cannabis for chronic neuropathic pain a randomized controlled trial. Choukиr a, kaufmann i, kreth s, hauer d, feuerecker m, thieme d, vogeser m, thiel m, schelling g. Cannabis (medical marijuana) treatment for motor and non-motor symptoms of parkinson disease an open-label observational study. Impact of cannabis treatment on the quality of life, weight and clinical disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease patients a pilot prospective study improvement in general health perception, social functioning, ability to work, physical pain and depression weight gain average rise in bmi average harvey-bradshaw index was reduced a pilot study of the effects of cannabis on appetite hormones in hiv-infected adult men cannabis administration was associated with significant increases in plasma levels of ghrelin and leptin, and decreases in pyy, but did not significantly influence insulin levels randomized pharmacodynamic and pharmacogenetic trial of dronabinol effects on colon transit in irritable bowel syndrome-diarrhea seizure exacerbation in two patients with focal epilepsy following marijuana cessation Buy Case Control Studies Vs Cohort Studies Online at a discount

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    No superior analgetic effect of the synthetic cannabinoid gw842166 over placebo. Ellis rj, toperoff w, vaida f, van den brande g, gonzales j, gouaux b, bentley h, atkinson jh. The use of cannabis was associated with reduction of some fibromyalgia symptoms. Abrams di, jay ch, petersen k, shade s, vizoso h, reda h, benowitz n, rowbotham m. A randomized, double-blinded, crossover pilot study assessing the effect of nabilone on spasticity in persons with spinal cord injury.

    An inhibitor of faah did not influence pain in patients with chronic prostatitis use of palmitoylethanolamide in carpal tunnel syndrome a prospective randomized study palmitoylethanolamide moderately effective in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome individual prolactin reactivity modulates response of nucleus accumbens to erotic stimuli during acute cannabis intoxication an fmri pilot study cannabis use patterns and motives a comparison of younger, middle-aged, and older medical cannabis dispensary patients Case Control Studies Vs Cohort Studies For Sale

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    Patients believe that medical marijuana is a valid treatment and that it does have a role in reducing postinjury and postoperative pain. Hagenbach u, luz s, ghafoor n, berger jm, grotenhermen f, brenneisen r, mader m. Adejumo ac, ajayi to, adegbala om, adejumo kl, alliu s, akinjero am, onyeakusi ne, ojelabi o, bukong tn cannabis use may be associated with a reduced incidence of liver disease in alcoholics cannabis use is associated with lower odds of prescription opioid analgesic use among hiv-infected individuals with chronic pain sohler nl, starrels jl, khalid l, bachhuber ma, arnsten jh, nahvi s, jost j, cunningham co medical cannabis legislation might reduce the need for opioid analgesics for pain management a prospective study of humoral and cellular immune responses to hepatitis b vaccination in habitual marijuana smokers cannabidiol based medical cannabis in children with autism- a retrospective feasibility study cannabidiol reverses attentional bias to cigarette cues in a human experimental model of tobacco withdrawal marijuana use associations with pulmonary symptoms and function in tobacco smokers enrolled in the subpopulations and intermediate outcome measures in copd study cannabis use is not associated with increased risks of respiratory diseases For Sale Case Control Studies Vs Cohort Studies

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    Spontaneous regression of septum pellucidumforniceal pilocytic astrocytomas-possible role of cannabis inhalation. Engels fk, de jong fa, sparreboom a, mathot ra, loos wj, kitzen jj, de bruijn p, verweij j, mathijssen rh. Cannabis use was reported by 25 of patients with chronic pain and 22 of patients with multiple sclerosis clinical improvement and reduction of immunosuppressive drug therapy in cannabis treated patients with crohns disease. Cannabis use is associated with reduced prevalence of progressive stages of alcoholic liver disease. Genetic investigation shows positive influence of schizophrenia risk on cannabis use cannabinoid concentrations in blood and urine after smoking cannabidiol joints Sale Case Control Studies Vs Cohort Studies






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    Literature Review